Gaobeidi­an/China 2019


Pass­ive House world­wide!

The first In­ter­na­tion­al Pass­ive House Con­fer­en­ce in China was a suc­cess!

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"1,5 de­grees is still pos­sible!"

All the key­note speak­ers at the 23rd In­ter­na­tion­al Pass­ive House Con­fer­en­ce in Gaobeidi­an un­an­im­ously agreed that put­ting "en­ergy-ef­fi­ciency first" was ne­ces­sary to achieve the cli­mate ob­ject­ives of the Par­is Agree­ment. As a mem­ber of the In­ter­gov­ern­ment­al Pan­el on Cli­mate Change (IP­CC), the en­vir­on­ment­al sci­ent­ist Di­ana Ürge-Vor­satz high­lighted in her key­note speech that Ju­ly 2019 had been the warmest month since tem­per­at­ure re­cords began. However, there is some good news: "Even though many may not be­lieve this, the ob­ject­ive of lim­it­ing glob­al warm­ing to 1.5 de­grees is still achiev­able, but only with great ef­fort. Time is run­ning out!"

The politi­cian and co-pres­id­ent of the Club of Rome Pro­fess­or Ernst Ul­rich von Weiz­säck­er em­phas­ised the ne­ces­sity for sig­ni­fic­antly re­du­cing the en­ergy de­mand and re­ly­ing on cli­mate-neut­ral tech­no­lo­gies in­stead of new coal-fired power plants. He is also in fa­vour of in­creas­ing the price of en­ergy an­nu­ally.


Im­press­ive com­mit­ment

"Go­ing to China was the right de­cision. The com­mit­ment to highly en­ergy ef­fi­cient con­struc­tion and sus­tain­able de­vel­op­ment im­pressed us, par­tic­u­larly here in Hebei Province. We are happy to con­tin­ue in this dir­ec­tion to­geth­er," af­firmed Pro­fess­or Dr Wolfgang Feist, founder of the Pass­ive House In­sti­tu­te. In Gaobeidi­an, the Pass­ive House In­sti­tu­te is mon­it­or­ing the pro­gress of the Pass­ive House Rail­way City, a de­vel­op­ment which is mod­elled on the Ger­man Bahn­stadt in Heidel­berg, achiev­ing the Pass­ive House stand­ard.

„Why are we still build­ing dif­fer­ently?“

In the build­ing sec­tor, Pass­ive House con­struc­tion of­fers the op­por­tun­ity to sub­stan­tially re­duce the op­er­a­tion­al en­ergy de­mand and en­joy the ad­ded bo­nus of great­er liv­ing com­fort. "Pass­ive House build­ings are pos­sible with the same budget as that of oth­er build­ings, and they are health­i­er in ad­di­tion, so "why are we still build­ing dif­fer­ently?" asked

­Ürge-Vor­satz. Ac­cord­ing to Pro­fess­or Ernst Ul­rich von Weiz­säck­er, a politi­cian and co-pres­id­ent of the Club of Rome, in view of the lim­it­a­tions to growth our present life­style is "sui­cid­al". Von Weiz­säck­er also em­phas­ised the ne­ces­sity for sig­ni­fic­antly re­du­cing the en­ergy de­mand and re­ly­ing on cli­mate-neut­ral tech­no­lo­gies in­stead of new coal-fired power plants. He is also in fa­vour of in­creas­ing the price of en­ergy an­nu­ally.

Solv­ing prob­lems

Ni Haiqiong, Dir­ect­or of the co-or­gan­iser Ori­ent Sundar Group, stressed that en­ergy con­sump­tion and en­vir­on­ment­al pol­lu­tion had reached dan­ger­ous highs. In China, this is­sue has led to the de­vel­op­ment away from the tra­di­tion­al win­dow and door pro­duc­tion, to­wards a grow­ing in­dustry of Pass­ive House com­pon­ents.

Vice Gov­ernor Zhang Guji­ang ex­plained that the Hebei Province is com­mit­ted to the Pass­ive House stand­ard for the fu­ture. The first Pass­ive House Con­fer­en­ce in China had laid the found­a­tion for fur­ther es­tab­lish­ing this tech­no­logy in the re­gion. En­vir­on­ment­al en­gin­eer Dr Hou Li-an ex­plained that prob­lems with air qual­ity caused by tra­di­tion­al con­struc­tion meth­ods could be solved with Pass­ive House con­struc­tion, among oth­er things.


Fu­ture pro­spects

In his in­aug­ur­al ad­dress, the Chair­man of the Chinese Pass­ive Build­ing Al­li­ance, Pro­fess­or Xu Wie, re­ferred to the 13th Five-Year Plan for the peri­od 2016 till 2020, in which the Chinese Min­istry of Con­struc­tion stip­u­lated the low-en­ergy stand­ard for the first time and thus laid the found­a­tion for en­ergy ef­fi­cient con­struc­tion in China. He out­lined China's goal for con­se­quently re­du­cing the en­ergy de­mand of build­ings to nearly zero.

Zhang Xiaol­ing, Dir­ect­or of the Beijing Kan­qiju Cer­ti­fic­a­tion Cen­ter, ex­plained that Pass­ive House build­ings im­proved the health and liv­ing stand­ar­ds of the Chinese people. The main chal­lenges now were qual­ity con­trol of the build­ings and fur­ther train­ing for con­struc­tion pro­fes­sion­als.

Al­most 80 cer­ti­fied products from China

In his speech, Pro­fess­or Dr Wolfgang Feist out­lined the suc­cess story of Pass­ive House con­struc­tion in China. He ex­plained the ne­ces­sity, par­tic­u­larly in warm­er re­gions, for cool­ing with re­duced en­ergy ex­pendit­ure dur­ing the sum­mer months and also re­du­cing the sol­ar loads. "To­geth­er with ap­pro­pri­ate in­su­la­tion and im­proved com­pon­ents, the qual­ity of in­door air will also im­prove con­sid­er­ably," ex­plained Feist. He drew at­ten­tion to the many win­dows pro­duced by Chinese man­u­fac­tur­ers which have been awar­ded a cer­ti­fic­ate as Pass­ive House com­pon­ents and are at least twice as ef­fi­cient as con­ven­tion­al products.



In Gaobeidi­an, many build­ings re­ceived their build­ing cer­ti­fic­ates. Ad­di­tion­ally, man­u­fac­tur­ers of Pass­ive House com­pon­ents were awar­ded a cer­ti­fic­ate for their products. The win­ners of the In­nov­a­tion Award were presen­ted by the Pass­ive House In­sti­tu­te and went to the fol­low­ing com­pan­ies: Eco­Cocons from Slov­akia/Lithuania for its con­struc­tion sys­tem con­sist­ing of straw, Q-Blue, Neth­er­lands, for its shower-wa­ter heat re­cov­ery sys­tem, Swis­spacer, Switzer­land, for the new win­dow spacer concept Triple, and Win­door City, China, for a wooden win­dow concept with an alu­mini­um shell which is ad­apt­able to all cli­mate zones.


Com­po­nent Award 2019

More than 23 com­pan­ies from 12 coun­tries took part in the Com­pon­ent Award 2019 for thermally im­proved win­dows, which was sponsored by the European Uni­on with­in the frame­work of the AZEB (Af­ford­able Zero En­ergy Build­ings) pro­ject. In the cold cli­mate cat­egory, the first prize went to the man­u­fac­turer Har­bin Sayy­as Win­dows from China for the PAZEN 120 win­dow. For the cool-tem­per­ate cli­mate, the first prize went to EN­ER­sign from Wit­t­lich (Ger­many) for its win­dow EN­ER­sign primus; Daimaru Kogyo (Ja­pan), Blumer Lehmann (China) and SEDA (New Zea­l­and) were awar­ded the prize in the cat­egory warm-tem­per­ate cli­mate for the wood/alu­mini­um win­dow smartwin com­pact and Eurofines­tra from Italy was awar­ded the prize for its wood win­dow ZEN. The 14 award win­ners are lis­ted on the web­site of the Pass­ive House In­sti­tu­te.




Trade Ex­hib­i­tion

At the Pass­ive House Trade Ex­hib­i­tion, sev­er­al thou­sand vis­it­ors from the Win­door Fest­ivals that took place par­al­lel to the Pass­ive House con­fer­en­ce were able to learn more about en­ergy ef­fi­cient con­struc­tion. The Pass­ive House In­sti­tu­te and the in­ter­na­tion­al net­work iPHA were part of the ex­hib­i­tion with their own booth. 



The third day of the con­fer­en­ce al­lowed the vis­it­ors to par­ti­cip­ate in dif­fer­ent ex­cur­sions to ex­cit­ing Pass­ive House pro­jects in China: The biggest Pass­ive House de­vel­op­ment "Rail­way City" and oth­er Pass­ive House pro­jects in Beijing, Zhouzhou and Baod­ing. Dur­ing these ex­cur­sions, the groups vis­ited apart­ments, of­fice build­ings as well as the Pass­ive House mu­seum in the Rail­way City. Throughout all tours, a trans­la­tion ser­vice to Eng­lisch and Chinese was provided.

After the con­fer­en­ce, it was pos­sible to take part in the Pass­ive House Open Days Tour and vis­it even more Pass­ive House pro­jects.



Be­sides the series of 20 lec­ture series re­lat­ing to world­wide Pass­ive House pro­jects, the con­fer­en­ce pro­gramme was com­ple­men­ted by 14 work­shops. Even be­fore the con­fer­en­ce had of­fi­cially be­gun, the Pass­ive House In­sti­tu­te offered Ba­sic Work­shops in Chinese ex­plain­ing the plan­ning tool Design­PH and the Pass­ive House pro­ject plan­ning tool PHPP. After the con­fer­en­ce, the Ad­vanced Work­shops covered a vari­ety of top­ics like air­tight­ness, de­hu­mid­i­fic­a­tion or win­dows for Eng­lish speak­ers. The Sin­fonia work­shop ex­plained cli­mate pro­tec­tion on a dis­trict level. Ad­di­tion­ally, pro­fes­sion­als were able to take part in a Train-the-Train­er course, spe­cif­ic­ally de­signed for course pro­viders that teach cer­ti­fied Pass­ive House Planers and Trades­people.

Ar­chi­tec­ture Com­pet­i­tion 2020

Dur­ing the con­fer­en­ce, the Pass­ive House In­sti­tu­te an­nounced the "2020 Pass­ive House Award" for en­ergy ef­fi­cient build­ings and high-qual­ity ar­chi­tec­ture, which places a fo­cus on re­new­able en­ergy sup­ply for build­ings. Pass­ive House build­ings which have been cer­ti­fied may be entered in­to this ar­chi­tec­ture com­pet­i­tion un­til June 2020. The Award will be presen­ted dur­ing the 24th In­ter­na­tion­al Pass­ive House Con­fer­en­ce on 20 and 21 Septem­ber 2020 in Ber­lin.

Thank You!

We are in­cred­ibly happy and thank­ful for this con­fer­en­ce week and all the things we learned and shared. It is an ex­hil­ar­at­ing ex­per­i­en­ce to meet so many people that are pas­sion­ate about build­ing en­ergy-ef­fi­cient houses and im­ple­ment­ing these build­ing stand­ar­ds for a bet­ter and more sus­tain­able fu­ture.

We want to thank all the speak­ers, ex­hib­i­ti­ors, sup­port­ers, and, of course, all the vis­it­ors of the 23rd In­ter­na­tion­al Pass­ive House Con­fer­en­ce. All of you made this con­fer­en­ce truly spe­cial!

We are already pre­par­ing for next year and are look­ing for­ward to see­ing you at the 24th In­ter­na­tion­al Pass­ive House Con­fer­en­ce in Ber­lin!